Beer crafting is an interesting hobby that requires patience and attention to detail. There are many different recipes to choose from, which can be modified or even reimagined to create unique and personal versions of classic beer styles. However, the fundamentals of the craft are the same regardless of the recipe or style of beer being brewed.
The first step in brewing is to prepare the equipment and ingredients. This involves sanitizing all the gear, heating the water (called wort) and adding the malt extract.
Once the wort is heated to the proper temperature, it is transferred to the fermenter and cooled to the yeast-fermenting range. At this point, the wort will start transforming itself into beer. The yeast will transform the sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide, and it will add all of the delicious flavour nuances that make beer so appealing.
Yeast is either in dry or liquid form and comes in a variety of varieties designed for specific beer types. Many brewers prefer to use dry yeast, which has a long shelf life and requires minimal preparation. Liquid yeast, on the other hand, is a bit more difficult to work with and may require additional preparation.
Once the yeast is added, a carboy is sealed and placed in a dark spot, away from the daily home commotion for about 14 days. During this time, the yeast will convert the sugar into beer, and the carboy will eventually develop a bed of yeast at the bottom of the container. When this occurs, it is a sign that fermentation is nearing completion.