Beer has been a staple of almost every society throughout history. In ancient literature, it is frequently mentioned. The early beer-makers used unique methods to create this drink, which have been replicated by modern brewers. The basic ingredients of beer are water, yeast, hops, and malt. Sometimes, other ingredients are added as well, such as herbs and spices. It may also contain lactose, which is a common food additive.
Beer’s bitterness is measured using a scale that measures International Bitterness Units (IBUs). These units range from 0 to over 100. The general population cannot taste beer with an IBU below eight, and above 80. The Cicerone Certification Program was founded by beer enthusiast Ray Daniels. Beers are now sold in more than 200 countries, which makes it easy for beer lovers to find the perfect beer for every taste and preference.
In addition to the various types of yeast, there are also different amounts of each. Lager yeasts, which are commonly used in Bavarian style wheat beers, produce fewer fermentation by-products. This helps the malt and hops dominate the taste of the drink. Beer is mostly water, but there are also solids in it that can affect its flavor and aroma. For example, unfermented sugars and yeast sediments can be present in beer.
Although beer is considered a healthy beverage, there are numerous health risks associated with over-consumption. Although it is very easy to make and has some health benefits, it should not be consumed in excess. According to beverage archeologist Dr. Patrick McGovern, beer helped make humankind, forming social systems and languages. While some people are more sensitive to alcohol, others do not. With so many different types of beer, there is a beer for everyone.