Craft beer is big business these days, with over 9,000 breweries in the United States alone. However, before you start your own brewery or open a bar, it’s important to know the different types of beer. Understanding how each one tastes can help you build your own style. There are hundreds of different types of beer, and they differ in flavor, alcohol content, foaming, and other factors. In addition, some beers are healthier than others.
The brewing process involves the use of malt and yeast, along with water. The resulting beer is then fermented, using yeast to break down the sugar in the fermentables. The resulting product is then aged, matured, or bottled. The final taste and aroma of beer depends on the yeast used.
Pilsner is a style of beer with a light, dry flavor. It originated in Pilsen, Czech Republic, and contains malts, hops, and neutral or hard water. Pilsners are usually low in alcohol and are popular in the summer. On the other hand, stout is a dark colored beer with a thick head. It typically has a roasted flavor and is often accompanied by hints of coffee, chocolate, or molasses.
According to Charlie Bamforth, professor of brewing sciences at the University of California, Davis, moderate beer consumption has a number of health benefits. For example, it contains significant amounts of protein, B vitamins, folate, and niacin. Additionally, it is one of the few beverages that contains silicon, a mineral that helps prevent osteoporosis. Moreover, some preliminary research suggests that beer contains prebiotic bacteria that can help protect against infections.