Beer is a fermented alcoholic beverage made from a combination of yeast, malt, and hops. The drink can be produced with a wide range of brewing techniques. The most commonly used ingredients are water, barley, and hops.
Originally, the beverage was made in the Fertile Crescent thousands of years ago. It is one of the oldest alcoholic drinks known. It became popular in Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Since then, brewers have developed many styles of beer. These can be anything from traditional to surprisingly unique. However, the basic backbone of the beer remains the same.
The brewing process includes boiling and fermentation. During this process, yeast breaks down sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide. The yeast is then removed and filtered before the beer is shipped.
The taste of the beer depends on the yeast and the quality of the water. Different types of yeast produce different flavours. Some beers have a sour, lactic acid taste. The type of malt used will also affect the flavour of the beer.
There are four main types of beers. Ales, lagers, wheat beers, and fruit beers are each available in different styles. Some of the most popular varieties include German and Belgian styles. These beers contain low alcohol by volume and are typically very light in color.
Wheat beers are usually brewed with a top-fermenting yeast and are often very light in colour. They have a full mouthfeel and are less bitter than most other beers.